1. Selecting a subject
The first step involves carefully your subject carefully. You need to keep in mind the amount of time you have to write the paper, the limits of your resources, the intended readers and length of the paper.
2. Narrowing down the topic
For narrowing down the topics of the paper, you require reading the background articles about your subject and other general references.
3. Stating the tentative objective of your research
Before starting with the research for your paper, you require composing a thesis statement that aptly defines your viewpoint which you are planning to express and that will support your paper. Your thesis statement needs to provide a controlling idea that will assist in selecting the resource materials that you will be using.
4. Forming a preliminary bibliography
A preliminary bibliography will provide a list of potential sources of information.
5. Preparing a working outline
A working outline is crucial as it will provide order to your note taking. As you conduct your research, you may discover that you require reviewing your plan if you lack information about a topic or having conflicts in information.
6. Starting to take notes
When you have gathered information and material and have prepared a working outline, you can begin taking notes. You can write your notes on index cards ensuring that you include just one note on each card. Make sure that your every note relates in some way or the other to one of the topics on your working routine.
7. Outlining the paper
The final outline of your paper is similar to the working outline, just being more complex. You need to divide each topic further into various subtopics!
8. Writing a rough draft
When writing a rough draft, you need to lay more attention to the content of the paper instead of the punctuations and grammar. You will get enough time to revise your rough draft.
9. Editing your draft
It is now time to edit your rough draft. Pay attention to formatting, punctuations, grammar, sentencing etc.
10. Writing the final draft
You need to write the final draft, including citations and bibliography.
Before handing over your thesis to the dissertation committee, make sure to proofread it adequately and rectify all the errors!